Often the Coldest Month
January might be the middle of winter but as the days lengthen the garden starts to grow. Now is a great time to plan for the coming gardening year and order seeds and plants.
Trees, Shrubs and Hedges
Its best to prune evergreens in the spring when there is less chance of frost.It’s still okay to plant, move (provided the ground is not frozen or water logged) and hard-prune/renovate deciduous trees and hedges.
It’s okay to plant roses but don’t plant them where roses have been planted previously as this can lead to replant disease.
Propagate ornamental shrubs such as Cornus, Salix, Forsythia, Weigela, Escallonia, Rosa, Ribes, Chaenomeles and Elaeagnus by taking hardwood cuttings. You can also take cuttings of deciduous (leaves fall off in winter) climbers such as Fallopia and Lonicera. Do a Google image search if you are not sure what they look like.
Cut back ornamental vines, ivy, Virginia creeper and Boston ivy.
Prune Wisteria by cutting back the side shoots to two or three buds being careful to avoid cutting off flower buds.
You probably won’t need to cut the grass but don’t let it get too long.TIP: You can repair hollows and bumps in the lawn during mild spells by cutting an ‘H’ shape in the turf, peeling back the grass, and either filling with top soil or scraping away the soil if you have a bump.
Avoid walking on frosty grass – you will leave brown patches of dead grass.
Mole activity will increase in January and February due to mating and building of nests.
Clear weeds from borders ready for mulching in the spring.Plant lily bulbs.
Check the tubers of plants such as Dahlia and Canna you have stored for signs of drying out. You need to check for signs of dampness causing rotting (remove any that are rotting) but too dry and they will be useless.
Also, check any bulbs for signs of rot and remove dead bulbs before it spreads.
Greenhouse and Houseplants
You don’t need to water your house-plants so much over the winter.Cut back Hypoestes (polka dot plant), Pilea (aluminium plant) if they look leggy to encourage new growth.
Bring Hippeastrum (amaryllis) bulbs into active growth by regularly watering and feeding them. They should flower in late winter/early spring.
Clear any leaves and twigs from guttering to avoid blockages forming
Thanks to the Grounds Maintenance team at Lotus Landscapes Ltd for this seasonal advice.